The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao(BBBP) was launched by the Prime Minister on 22nd January 2015 at Haryana. This Scheme was brought into existence because of the dire need of saving girl children from disempowerment. According to the 2011 Census, the sex ratio declined significantly. Moreover, the need for education amongst girl children was felt across the country.
Education paves the way for wholesome development in a child and creates opportunities for growth in the future. Hence, the overall situation had necessitated this scheme to be implemented in rural and urban areas in India. Three ministries namely, Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare, and Human Resource Development are monitoring the programs under the scheme.
- To educate girl children for a better future.
- To empower girl children.
- To create awareness of the benefits of imparting education.
- To reduce the sex ratio imbalance in the country.
- To protect girl children against gender discrimination and atrocities.
- To help the girl child survive.
- To ensure participation of the girl child in educational institutions and activities.
- To create awareness in the community for educating the girl child.
Scheme Implementation Phases
The implementation of the BBBP scheme was rolled out in three phases. The total number of districts that were selected was 100. It was decided by the ministries that the scheme needed a focused approach because of the sensitivity of the subject. The Census of 2011 also was referred to while selecting districts.
Initially, in the first phase, 87 districts were selected which were below the national average; 8 districts which were below the national average but had a declining trend;5 districts were chosen which were above the national average and have an increasing trend. Then again, in the 2nd phase rollout, 61 districts were chosen due to a very low child sex ratio. Moreover, in the third phase, all 640 districts mentioned in the Census of 2011 for declining sex ratio were taken into its purview.
- Orientation & sensitization of all stakeholders.
- Creating an efficient service delivery system.
- Effective implementation of the PC & PNDT Act.
- Creating and enabling ambiance for the birth of a girl child and for understanding the benefits of education.
- Capacity building and training.
- Creating awareness on the subject and advocacy.
- Data collection, monitoring, and evaluation.
- Localization of innovative approaches according to districts.
- Accurate reporting and documentation.
The Direct & Indirect Beneficiary (Target Groups)
- The Primary Group: This includes parents, pregnant women, and families.
- The Secondary Group: This includes healthcare institutions and workers, young girls, and boys.
- The Tertiary Group: This includes schools, local politicians, religious leaders, police, officials, NGOs, etc.
List of various schemes under BBBP:-
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana, Ladli Scheme, Kanyasree Prakalpa Yojana, Balika Samriddhi Yojana, etc are some of the schemes which are a part of BBBP.
The application process is quite simple. The applicant has to fill up and submit an application form which is available at local banks and post offices with the required documents. An account would be then opened to avail the BBBP benefits.